MERRIMAN - GIs
accused of failing in his special duty to his constituents, in failing
to even acknowledge, let alone give any form of considered reply to
correspondence from residents as to issues that concern many in his
geographical area. Simply banging the party drum on issues that do not
concern the electorate under his wing, but rather join in a debate on
other subjects affecting those elsewhere, is not what being a local MP
is all about.
CODE OF CONDUCT
of Conduct sets out the standards of behaviour and
rules of conduct that apply to MPs in all aspects of their public life.
It doesn’t regulate what MPs do in their purely private and personal
lives. MPs who are ministers must also adhere to the Ministerial
The Guide to the Rules relating to the Conduct of Members is published
in the same document as the Code of Conduct and provides detailed
guidance on your obligations, including the requirements to disclose
financial and other interests and to avoid paid advocacy.
If you need advice on the Code of Conduct or the Guide to the Rules, you
can contact the office of the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards.
Commissioner for Standards is responsible for
investigating breaches of the Code of Conduct, and considers complaints
about MPs—whether from other MPs or the public. If the Commissioner
finds a relatively minor breach of the rules and the MP agrees to
apologise and take any action necessary to put matters right, the
Commissioner may uphold the complaint and confirm that it has been
the Commissioner finds a more serious breach of the rules or identifies
an issue of wider concern, those findings are reported to the Committee
on Standards—a cross-party select
committee of MPs that also includes lay members.
The Committee on Standards then recommends to the House what action, if
any, should be taken.
The Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards may not investigate
- policy matters
- an MP’s views or opinions
- an MP’s handling of or decision about a case, including their
handling of correspondence, whether or not anyone involved is a
constituent of the MP - unless the MP’s conduct significantly damages
the reputation of the House as a whole or of its Members more generally
The Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards also considers reports of
investigations into alleged bullying, harassment or sexual harassment by
MPs, under the Independent Complaints and Grievance Scheme. The
Commissioner may resolve these informally, using a range of remedies, or
in more serious cases may submit a report to the Committee on Standards.
THE CODE OF CONDUCT FOR MEMBERS OF PARLIAMENT
Prepared pursuant to the Resolution of the House of 19 July 1995
I. Purpose of the Code
1. The purpose of this Code of Conduct is to assist all Members in the
discharge of their obligations to the House, their constituents and the
public at large by:
(a) establishing the standards and principles of conduct expected of all
Members in undertaking their duties;
(b) setting the rules of conduct which underpin these standards and
principles and to which all Members must adhere; and in so doing
(c) ensuring public confidence in the standards expected of all Members
and in the commitment of the House to upholding these rules.
II. Scope of the Code
2. The Code applies to a Member's conduct which relates in any way to
their membership of the House. The Code does not seek to regulate the
conduct of Members in their purely private and personal lives or in the
conduct of their wider public lives unless such conduct significantly
damages the reputation and integrity of the House of Commons as a whole
or of its Members generally.
3. The obligations set out in this Code are complementary to those which
apply to all Members by virtue of the procedural and other rules of the
House and the rulings of the Chair, and to those which apply to Members
falling within the scope of the Ministerial Code.
III. Duties of Members
4. By virtue of the oath, or affirmation, of allegiance taken by all
Members when they are elected to the House, Members have a duty to be
faithful and bear true allegiance to Her Majesty the Queen, her heirs
and successors, according to law.
5. Members have a duty to uphold the law, including the general law
6. Members have a general duty to act in the interests of the nation as
a whole; and a special duty to their constituents.
7. Members should act on all occasions in accordance with the public
trust placed in them. They should always behave with probity and
integrity, including in their use of public resources.
IV. General Principles of Conduct
8. In carrying out their parliamentary and public duties, Members will
be expected to observe the following general principles of conduct
identified by the Committee on Standards in Public Life in its First
Report as applying to holders of public office. These principles will
be taken into account when considering the investigation and
determination of any allegations of breaches of the rules of conduct in
Part V of the Code.
Holders of public office should take decisions solely in terms of the
public interest. They should not do so in order to gain financial or
other material benefits for themselves, their family, or their friends.
Holders of public office should not place themselves under any financial
or other obligation to outside individuals or organisations that might
influence them in the performance of their official duties.
In carrying out public business, including making public appointments,
awarding contracts, or recommending individuals for rewards and
benefits, holders of public office should make choices on merit.
Holders of public office are accountable for their decisions and actions
to the public and must submit themselves to whatever scrutiny is
appropriate to their office.
Holders of public office should be as open as possible about all the
decisions and actions that they take. They should give reasons for their
decisions and restrict information only when the wider public interest
Holders of public office have a duty to declare any private interests
relating to their public duties and to take steps to resolve any
conflicts arising in a way that protects the public interest.
Holders of public office should promote and support these principles by
leadership and example."
V. Rules of Conduct
9. Members are expected to observe the following rules and associated
Resolutions of the House.
10. Members shall base their conduct on a consideration of the public
interest, avoid conflict between personal interest and the public
interest and resolve any conflict between the two, at once, and in
favour of the public interest.
11. No Member shall act as a paid advocate in any proceeding of the
12. The acceptance by a Member of a bribe to influence his or her
conduct as a Member, including any fee, compensation or reward in
connection with the promotion of, or opposition to, any Bill, Motion, or
other matter submitted, or intended to be submitted to the House, or to
any Committee of the House, is contrary to the law of Parliament.
13. Members shall fulfil conscientiously the requirements of the House
in respect of the registration of interests in the Register of Members'
Financial Interests. They shall always be open and frank in drawing
attention to any relevant interest in any proceeding of the House or its
Committees, and in any communications with Ministers, Members, public
officials or public office holders.
14. Information which Members receive in confidence in the course of
their parliamentary duties should be used only in connection with those
duties. Such information must never be used for the purpose of financial
15. Members are personally responsible and accountable for ensuring that
their use of any expenses, allowances, facilities and services provided
from the public purse is in accordance with the rules laid down on these
matters. Members shall ensure that their use of public resources is
always in support of their parliamentary duties. It should not confer
any undue personal or financial benefit on themselves or anyone else, or
confer undue advantage on a political organisation.
16. Members shall never undertake any action which would cause
significant damage to the reputation and integrity of the House of
Commons as a whole, or of its Members generally.
17. The Commissioner may not investigate a specific matter under
paragraph 16 which relates only to the conduct of a Member in their
private and personal lives.
VI. Upholding the Code
18. The application of this Code shall be a matter for the House of
Commons, and particularly for the Committee on Standards and Privileges
and the Parliamentary Commissioner for Standards acting in accordance
with Standing Orders Nos 149 and 150 respectively.
19. The Commissioner may investigate a specific matter relating to a
Member's adherence to the rules of conduct under the Code. Members shall
cooperate, at all stages, with any such investigation by or under the
authority of the House. No Member shall lobby a member of the Committee
in a manner calculated or intended to influence its consideration of an
alleged breach of this Code.
20. The Committee will consider any report from the Commissioner to it
and report its conclusions and recommendations to the House. The House
may impose a sanction on the Member where it considers it necessary.
Cm 2850-I, p 14 Back
2 Resolutions of 6 November 1995 and 15 July 1947 as amended on 6
November 1995 and 14 May 2002 Back
3 Resolutions of 2 May 1695, 22 June 1858, and 15 July 1947 as amended
on 6 November 1995 and 14 May 2002 Back
4 Resolutions of the House of 22 May 1974 as amended on 9 February 2009;
12 June 1975 as amended on 19 July 1995 and 9 February 2009; 12 June
1975 as amended on 9 February 2009; 17 December 1985 as amended on 9
February 2009; 6 November 1995 as amended on 14 May 2002 and 9 February
2009; 13 July 1992; 30 April 2009 as amended on 7 February 2011 and 27
March 2008, as amended on 9 February 2009 Back
MPS -MARCH 2020
Johnson - Bozo
& Social Care
Sharma - COP26
United Kingdom has many political parties, some of which are
represented in the House of Commons and the House of Lords.
Below are links to the websites of the political parties that were
represented in the House of Commons:
DEMOCRATIC AND LABOUR PARTY
Democratic and Labour Party